The eyes are an indispensable part of the human body. After all, these two organs control our entire ability to see our surroundings. This is something that many people may take for granted, but our eyes deserve the best care that we can give them.

There are many conditions that may require surgery on the eyes. Read on for an outline of several common eye surgeries and the conditions that they address.

Cataract surgery

Cataract surgery involves removing the eye’s natural lens when it has become cloudy with cataracts and impairs vision. Small incisions are made on the eye to reach the lens and it is most commonly broken up by ultrasound waves and removed. An intraocular lens implant is then inserted into the eye.

Corrective eye surgery 

The most common type of corrective eye surgery performed today is LASIK surgery. This method can be used to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. In addition to being so versatile, it is also extremely quick and painless. During LASIK surgery your eye surgeon uses a laser to reshape the cornea of your eye to correct your refractive error one eye at a time. Each eye will take roughly five minutes.

How much is LASIK eye surgery

LASIK surgery is a great option for those with refractive errors, so wondering about the cost is common. The official LASIK website explains that the price varies greatly between $299 per eye and $5,000 per eye. According to the site, $2,000 per eye is the national average price paid per eye in the United States.

Other corrective eye surgery options

If you are not a good candidate for LASIK surgery, you may still qualify for photo refractive keratectomy surgery. This surgery pre-dates LASIK and while it is also a laser surgery, it is a surface procedure that is less invasive than LASIK.

Detached retina surgery

The most common surgical procedure for a detached retina is scleral buckling surgery. A “buckle” is attached to the eye pulling it backwards to close the gap in the retinal detachment. The procedure is often combined with either freezing or burning of the retinal tear in order to seal the hole.

Eye color surgery 

Eye color surgery, or artificial iris implantation, is a surgical procedure to alter the colored portion the eye. This surgery can be performed out of medical necessity, such as in patients with a rupture of the iris, or it can be performed cosmetically for patients who simply want a different eye color. The artificial iris is composed of the same material that artificial intraocular lenses are composed of – the replacement lenses frequently used in cataract surgery. The procedure itself is relatively quick and the new iris is inserted through a small incision in the eye.

Glaucoma surgery

There are several types of surgery to treat glaucoma. Each surgery strives to balance the intraocular pressure within the eye. A trabeculectomy is a surgical procedure to create an incision in the eye to drain fluid.

A laser trabeculoplasty is the most common glaucoma surgery today, and it involves the use of laser to burn through a small portion of the eye’s drainage system, allowing more fluid to drain. In some cases, a tube-shunt surgery may be done, where a small tube is inserted into the eye’s drainage system to increase the about of fluid draining from the eye.

Lazy eye surgery 

The human eye has six extraocular, or outside, muscles that control movement. “Lazy eye”, or amblyopia, can occur when certain extraocular muscles are either too weak or too strong. This inconsistency in strength can allow the eye to be pulled in one direction more than others, resulting in a “lazy eye”. Fortunately, there are surgical options to correct this misalignment whether muscles are too strong or too weak.

Recession and resection surgeries

To correct lazy eye, your eye surgeon may implement recession and resection to move the affected eye muscle to either make it stronger or weaker. This can give your eye a more evenly distributed set of extraocular muscles and allow the eye to properly align more easily.

Lid repair surgery

Eyelid repair surgery is performed for cosmetic purposes, or to fix the medical condition ptosis. Ptosis is the drooping of the upper eyelid, obstructing vision. Eyelid repair surgery can take several weeks to recover from, but generally vision is improved and a more youthful appearance is achieved.


A vitrectomy is performed as a step in treating several eye conditions from retinal detachment to holes in the macula, to scar tissue within the eye. The procedure removes the vitreous fluid from the eye to allow for the treatment of various conditions by giving the doctor a clear path to the back of the eye. The eye is the filled with an oil or gas bubble to maintain shape during the healing process.

There are numerous different eye surgeries out there to accommodate nearly any need you may have, whether it be medical or cosmetic. If you think that eye surgery may be a viable option for you, reach out to your eye care professional for more personalized information.